Poker terms

A
All-in

All-in means to bet all your own chips held at a particular table. Once you are all-in, you can't bet or call, and you can't fold until the showdown. The remaining players will continue to play the round as usual.

B
Bet

Bet means to bet chips. If a bet hasn't yet been made before the player, betting is one of the actions that player can take. A player can only bet if no one else has bet before him. If the bet is already bet, the player must bet the appropriate chips for the bet, but can raise if desired.

B
Buy-in

The amount of money required to participate in the game. For cash games, the minimum buy-in is set by the table. For tournaments, there are cases the prize pool is divided into what is paid for the host.

B
Bank roll

A player's bankroll is all the money he uses to play poker. That is, the total amount of funds prepared. For online poker, it refers to the money a player has in his account.

B
Blind

Blinds are a form of forced betting in poker games They are bets that must be paid before the cards are dealt and are paid by two players per round, but that player changes from round to round. It is common for two bets to be the same size, or one to be larger than the other. The latter is called “big blinds and small blinds”.

B
Board

In games using community cards, the board means all community cards together. For example, in Texas Hold'em, the board consists of a flop, a turn, and a river.

B
Button

A button, or dealer button, is a tip that shows who is currently the dealer. The position where the dealer is sitting is also called a button. Or, say “the dealer is a button”.

B
Bad beat

A bad beat is when a player with a very advantageous hand loses in an unlikely event. The boundary between normal and bad beats varies from player to player. In general, if you lose a hand with a win rate of 5-10%, or lose because your opponent drew two perfect cards, it is called a bad beat.

B
Blank

A blank or brick is a board card that never completes any drawhand. “Turn is blank” means “Turn card did not change the game situation”. For example, if you get a 2 on the turn after a three-high flop (a card with a different suit), it is represented as a blank.

B
Bust out

Bust or bust out means losing your entire stack or losing from the tournament. Busting someone means defeating the person from the table or tournament.

C
Call

Call means betting the same amount as the opponent's bet. A call is one of the actions a player can take against an opponent's bet.

C
Check

Checking means giving the action to the next player without betting. If there is no opponent betting at all, the check is one of the actions a player can take. Players can only check if no bets have been made.

C
Cut off

In the dealer button game, the cutoff is the position just to the right of the button.

C
Cap

A cap is the last raise you can make in one round, or the maximum amount you can bet on one hand. It is normal to cap on the third, fourth, or fifth raise in one round. The last raise becomes the cap.

C
Community cards

Cards shared by all players in a game.

C
Check-Raise

A check raise is an action that consists of a combination of "a player checks first and then raises when his next opponent bets".

D
Draw

Draw means to play with a draw, that is, to play with an unfinished hand that requires one or more cards to become a finished hand.

D
Dealer

A dealer is a person who distributes cards.

D
Drawing dead

Drawing dead is when a player has absolutely no chance to win a hand, no matter what card is dealt next.

E
Edge

“Having an edge” means that there is an advantage over another player. For example, a good hand has an edge to a weaker hand. Players with good technology or good positions on the table also have an edge.

E
Early

In games where the player's relative position to the dealer determines the order of play, the early position is the player who must act first. For example, on a full ring table in Texas Hold'em, the first three positions after the blind are early positions. They are also called UTG (short for under the gun), UTG + 1, UTG + 2.

F
Flop

In poker uses community cards such as Hold'em and Omaha, flop is the three board cards which are dealt first.

F
Fold

The cutoff is the nickname for the player in the seat to the right of the dealer button position in a game of poker. It is the second-best position in a hand of poker.

F
Fish

Fish is not a good word. Or a word that refers to a poor player, and he is a duck of a good player. Fish has no strategy and also takes action with negative expectations. Fish plays with thin hands and bets too often.

F
Freeroll

Freerolls are tournaments with sponsored prizes or prizes that don't require buy-ins because of sponsorship. A freeroll also means when two players have equally strong hands, but a draw that one player has is in a situation where he can get all the pots if it hits (the second player does not have such a draw).

G
Grind

Grind means playing with a certain limit for continuous profits without taking much risk. The terms grinder and rounder are players who play at a limit below their ability to earn some or all of their income.

H
Heads-up

A poker game played with only two players is called heads-up. Heads-up games are an irregular form of poker that will be the most fierce battle. Because players can't afford to wait for strong cards, instead they have no way to win other than believing in their game and finding their weaknesses.

H
Hole cards

A hole card is a face-down card that only the player can see. Such as the two starting cards in Texas Hold'em.

K
Kicker

A kicker is a card that does not belong to any combination of the five cards that make up a poker hand, but if there are two hands with a combination of equal value, the role of determining the rank It is what fulfills. Therefore, the kicker exists only for hands that can be combined with less than 5 cards. That is, only for Four Card, Three Card, One Pair (Two Pair), and High Card. The kicker determines which player is the winner if two players have hands of equal rank. The highest kicker is the strongest kicker. The narrower definition identifies only one kicker. That is, only the kicker decides which is stronger when two players have similar hands. If the player has the exact same hand, the highest uncombined card becomes the kicker and they split the pot.

L
Limit

Limit is another term for bet amount or stakes to play. For example, NL400 is a limit with a maximum buy-in of $ 400 and a bet structure with no limit (NL).

L
Late

In games where the order of the player's actions is determined by the dealer's position, the late position is the word that refers to the last two positions (cutoff and button) that cause the action. Players in these positions have an advantage over other players. Because they know the behavior of all previous players.

L
Limp

In a game with blinds (forced bets), if the player calls the blind as the first action, the player is limping. Call the big blind instead of raise.

M
Middle

In games where the order players take actions is fixed by the dealer's position, the middle position is the people who come to the center of the table as seen by the dealer. For example, in a Texas Hold'em full table with 10 players sitting, the 6th, 7th, and 8th positions are called middle positions or MP, MP2, MP3. Players in these positions will fight against the players in disadvantages after them, but will be in an advantageous position against players before them (can see the action taken earlier).

M
Muck

Muck is an area on the poker table where all used cards are placed. It contains all the burn cards (throw the top card on the deck at some point) or the cards that the player has folded. Muck means placing cards without showing them.

N
Nuts

A nut or rock is the best hand possible in a given situation. If a player has the best hand possible with the cards dealt, he has a nut. This term is also used in certain hand categories. Each nut flush or nut straight is the best flush or straight possible.

O
Odds

If there is a certain number of outs (cards strengthen your hand) that will complete a draw hand (one more [may be more than one] valid hand will be completed), there is a probability such a card can be dealt. The probability is commonly called odds. Odds against is the probability that a draw is unlikely to be reached.

O
Outs

A draw is an unfinished hand that cannot be won at present, but if dealt with an appropriate card, it has the potential to be a powerful hand. The card that completes such a hand is called Outs.

P
Pocket pair

In Texas Hold'em, a pocket pair is a pair made from both player's hole cards. For example, if a player has two kings, there will be pocket kings.

P
Pot

The pot is a prize pool that consists of all the bets made during the hand. If the pot is split between two or more players (a high / low game where the best hand and the lowest hand win, or if two or more players were in the same hand), it is called split pot.

P
Pot Limit

Pot limit is a bet structure that “the bet size must be no more than the current pot size”. The bet can be of any value, but it must not be more than the current pot size. But it is usually greater than the size of the last bet or raise.

P
Pot Odds

Pot odds are the ratio between "the prize money you can win" and "the cost you need to get a chance to get that prize money". They are therefore the inverse cost-benefit ratio for a given bet.

P
Pre flop

In Texas Hold'em and Omaha, the part of the game that takes place before the flop is called preflop.

R
Raise

A raise is an action one player can take after another player's bet. A raise is a bet exceeds the opponent's bet amount. The number and size of raises per round may be limited according to house rules. Typically, three, four, or five (rare times) raises are allowed per betting round. When you raise again to your opponent's raise, that raise is called a re-raise.

R
Re-raise

Re-raise is the action you raise after another player has already raised. If one player bets, the second player raises it, and the third player raises it on the turn, the third player has re-raised.

R
River

The fifth and final board card in Hold'em or Omaha is called River or Fifth Street (5th Street).

R
Rag

A lag is a card that has no value or is weak. For example, in Texas Hold'em, a starting hand with one ace and one low card (such as 4) is represented as an ace lag.

R
Rake

A rake or chop is a cut that the house receives for each pot. Hands with rakes collected are called rake hands. The amount of rake depends on various conditions. Normally, if you exceed a certain limit, 5% of the pot will be raked. The maximum amount of rake per hand is also controlled according to specific rules and stakes. If the hand does not reach the flop, no rake will occur, called “no flop, no rake”.

R
Rock

Rock is a modest player and only play a few very strong hands. His strategy is to “play only the cards that are absolutely at the top”. And, when he play such a hand, he will be very aggressive, even if he is likely to lose.

R
Ring game

A ring game is a table that is always open in casinos, where players can sit with chips and continue playing at the rate of the table. Players are free to enter the game and stand up. If players want to play at a lower or higher rate, they need to move to a different table

S
Shark

A shark is a strong and aggressive player at the table. Sharks attack weak players and take money.

S
Showdown

The showdown is the final part of the hand (game) where the remaining players show their cards and decide who has the best cards and wins the pot. The showdown will take place after the last round of betting.

S
Slowplay

Slow play is a term used in many ways, means “to intentionally play a strong hand in order to keep the opponent in the game”, “to give the impression that it is a weak hand”, or ““giving the opponent a relatively good card and making them think that they have made a strong hand”.

S
Side Pot

A side pot is a pot placed on the side with a hand that has an all-in player. The main pot of the hand is a pot that all active players can win. If one player is all-in and at least two opponents are still playing and they are not all-in, all subsequent bets are placed in the side pot and only not all-in players can win them.

S
Semi bluff

Semi bluff is to bluff with a hand that is currently weak but may become a strong hand. The goal of a semi bluff is not always pushing out all opponents. Because if the draw completed, you still have the chance to win the showdown. Therefore, one of the goals of a semibluff is to collect money in the pot in the early rounds to increase the amount of prize. It is beneficial because when your opponent is likely to fold, as your draw may be completed and you can win a big pot. A typical situation a semi bluff is applicable is when you have an unfinished hand, and if the appropriate card is dealt in the rest of the game, that hand is likely to be completed.

S
Starting hand chart

The starting hand chart is a table of the hands that you may play in the first round and explains the actions to be taken based on these hands. The SHC (Starting Hand Chart) is especially useful for beginners to develop strategies in the first betting round.

S
Streak

A streak is a sequence of luck and unluck.

T
Turn

For poker types that use community cards such as Texas Hold'em or Omaha, the fourth community card is called a turn, or fourth street.

T
Tell

Tell is the part of the player's behavior that may leading him to lose the game. There is a difference between conscious tel and inadvertent tell. Some tells are not noticed by the players themselves, but some tells are deliberately acting when the players notice that they are “observed”.

T
Tilt

In the broadest sense, tilt refers to the state where the player has failed to make a reasonable decision and has taken action that is emotionally involved. For example, a player making an aggressive bet or making a big pot with a weak hand to make a big loss and refill it as soon as possible means he is tilted.

T
Tournament

A poker tournament is a form of game where each player plays with a buy-in to win a pooled buy-in. Each player initially gets the same number of chips, and when lose all the chips, they lose the tournament. In a rebuy tournament, players can buy in again at the beginning of the tournament. Prize money is distributed according to the ranking of the players who have won the tournament. Depending on the specific payout structure, the order will determine how much prize money you will receive. Of course, prizes other than money may be used.

U
UTG

Under the gun (UTG) is the position just to the left of the blind and UTG will always act first. Therefore, the position is very disadvantageous.

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